Revisiting Vocatives in English


  • Asst. Lect. Salah Y. Rasheed University of Mosul College of Education for Humanities Dept. of English Author
  • Asst. Lect. Ziyad Kh. Hameed University of Mosul College of Education for Humanities Dept. of English Author



Keywords: identification function, expressive function, context or situation.



This study aims at revisiting the forms and functions of vocatives in English. Vocatives can be classified into different forms that perform two main functions in English viz, calling the addressee and maintaining the relationship, the former labeled as the identification function while the latter as the expressive function. The various forms of vocatives vary in fulfilling both functions. In addition, the expressive function of vocatives is governed by some factors such as the addresser, the addressee and the context or the situation in which the vocatives can be used.


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How to Cite

Revisiting Vocatives in English. (2024). Al-Noor Journal for Humanities, 1(1), 69-85.

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